There is a wide variety of tires on the market. It then becomes difficult to choose the right tire. It is vital to think in advance about what type of soil the machine will be ideal for. The allowed speed and the ambient temperature also influence selecting the right tire.
Find out below about choosing between solid and foam filled tires available on the market, and for which situations that they are suitable.
Solid tires or superelastic tires are excellent on forklifts. Thanks to their stability, lifting pallets or other material to great heights becomes easier. Solid tires are suitable for vehicles reaching a maximum speed of 25 km/h.
Solid tires are like foam-filled (pneumatic) tires. But instead of air, they fill it with solid rubber wrapped around a ring-shaped metal band (called a tread). If most of your forklift operations take place on flat, smooth floors, solid tires are perfect. Solid tires last a long time though they offer little protection for your forklift. Solid tires are still available for outdoor running but are usually only used for not too heavy work. For heavy-duty outdoor work, use pneumatic forklift tires.
The advantage of this type of tire is that it cannot burst. In addition, you save time because the tire pressure does not have to be checked. Some disadvantages of solid tires lie in the driving comfort for the operator and the transport of breakable goods since the shocks are less absorbed. In addition, solid tires must always be fitted using a tire press.
Black tires are commonly available on forklifts. But in the food industry, non-marking solid tires are ideal for these vehicles. In non-marking tires, silica replaces soot or chalk. They do not leave black marks on the ground. The disadvantages of non-marking tires are the temporary life and the higher purchase price.
Foam Filled Tires
Tires are made of rubber, filled with air, often come with a large wheel width and deep grooves in the surface. The foam-filled tires are often available in uneven terrain, moving outdoors, on gravel, or in the yard. However, make sure your work area is free of any sharp objects that could damage the tires. Foam filled tires extend the lifespan by providing an air cushion between the forklift and the terrain (forklift shock absorbers).
The inner tube in the tire absorbs shock and improves ride comfort and grip on uneven terrain. Therefore, the load suffers less damage. When the vehicle has to travel long distances, there is little heat production that slows down tire wear. There are two types of foam filled tires:
1. Radial tires
With radial tires, the manufacturers apply the bead of the tire and a belt to the carcass. The sidewalls of this type of tire are very flexible. This tire can then cope with high speeds (over 30 km/h) with low capacity. A disadvantage of these tires is the rather reduced capacity.
Advantages of radial tires:
- Longer life at high speed
- Improved contact between tire and tread
- Low heat production
2. Diagonal tires
With diagonal tires, the carcass layers comprise plies of nylon. They placed these tires in the tread and on the side face crisscrossing at an angle of 55 degrees. Since we can find these plies all over the tread, the tires are stronger and have more capacity. This type of tire is suitable for slow speeds (less than 30 km/h) with high capacity.
Advantages of diagonal tires:
- Superior resistance to damage
- High vehicle stability
- Big capacity
Choosing Between Solid and Foam Filled Tires
Solid tires have a longer life because the tires have a rubber core that allows your cars to withstand impact with sharp objects, cracking cases, and longer wear than pneumatic tires. Your cars can last for a long time. For this reason, solid tires are significantly more expensive than pneumatic tires.
Solid tires are not resistant to shock. It means that if you plan to use your forklift for outdoor gravel and uneven, uneven ground, you can only use a flat tire. Solid tires require smooth surfaces to operate.
When you care about longevity, it is common to use foam-filled tires for longer life, especially if your truck is intended for heavyweight applications. But consider the time and expense of frequently waiting to change tires because foam-filled tires are more prone to problems (puncture and deflation) than solid tires. If there is a problem with the air tire, it cannot maintain the operation any longer than the solid tire.
Solid tires always last longer than pneumatic tires. So, when it is unnecessary to use air tires, choosing a durable tire is suitable.