Car tire rotation is one of the maintenance techniques to overcome the situation when four tires wear unevenly. So, how often should I rotate my tires? Let's figure it out.
How Often Should I Rotate My Tires?
Uneven tire problems come by regularly changing the positions between the front-rear left-right tires together. Tire rotation is also transferring tires from one position to another in the same vehicle.
Tire rotation time depends a lot on the type and manufacturer's instructions. However, most manufacturers recommend rotating the tires periodically between 5000 to 8000 miles. Proper tire rotation will help reduce uneven wear on four tires. It will increase tire life, improve driving safety and save up to 3% on fuel costs when operating the vehicle.
Therefore, turning the tires at the right time, and in the right way, is always ideal. The leading experts in the tire industry advise that users should implement tire rotation to ensure that the car always applies. The method of cross change, straight change, or horizontal change, depending on the type of drive. Today, we will guide you on how to rotate car tires at home safely and effectively.
Why Is It Necessary to Rotate Car Tires After a Period?
We can balance cars with only three wheels. However, because we will not disperse the load of each vehicle between the wheels and transmission, the four wheels will experience uneven tire wear. Currently, on the market, most cars are front-wheel drive. So, the front tire will have to bear up to 60% of the vehicle's load because of the engine power.
In addition, the drag generated when the owner steers the car also causes the front tire to wear faster than the rear tire. Even when braking sharply, the entire load of the vehicle will be pushed forward. And the wheels will bear 80% of the braking force, so the possibility of wear is higher than the rear tire.
However, the wheel is not uniformly worn on the tire surface, but only in specific places. The uneven wear causes the traction of the wheels to be different. It will reduce the braking ability of the vehicle. The right front tire will usually wear more than the left front tire. How long you take to rotate your tires depends on the type and instructions from the manufacturer, but most manufacturers recommend rotating the tires every 5000 to 8000 miles.
Instructions on How to Manually Rotate Car Tires at Home
Rotating car tires is not too complicated. Car owners can also do it themselves at home based on the instructions and car tire rotation diagram.
Tire Rotation Is a Way to Correct Uneven Wear
To promptly fix the problem of uneven tire wear that can cause an accident, you also need to rotate the tires. It will move the positions of the wheels to each other. So, when do you rotate car tires? Regarding when to rotate car tires and how to rotate tires, you can follow the instructions of the vehicle manufacturer listed in the vehicle owner's manual.
If the manufacturer does not specify the time limit to rotate the tires, the car owner should note the rotation of the tires after every 8000 miles that the vehicle has traveled. Then, rotate the tires according to the instructions below.
If the car owner uses a two-wheeler, change the tire a little earlier after 4000 to 5000 miles when the car is in operation. Rotating the tires for the first time is the most important time. After turning the tires, do not forget to inflate enough pressure for all four tires. Note that we should combine the tire rotation with other tire operations, such as checking if the wheel alignment angles are correct.
For Vehicles with Front-Wheel Drive
Rotating tires symmetrically is the most correct way to rotate tires for front-wheel drive vehicles. They produced most cars today with front-wheel drive. Car owners only need to master the rule of tire rotation to rotate the tires properly.
The first option is turning the left/right front tire down to the left/right rear tire. The Rear left tire rotates to the front right tire and the rear right tire rotates to the front left tire (straight down/up diagonal). The second option is swapping the left rear tire with the right front tire and the right rear tire will swap positions with the left front tire (reverse).
Rear-Wheel Drive or Four-Wheel Drive
With the model of vehicle rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive, the car owner needs to perform the tire rotation differently. You can rotate the left front tire to the position with the right rear tire. The right front tire changes to the left rear tire. The two rear tires left/right respectively rotate up the two front tires left/right (up straight - down diagonally)
In addition, rear-wheel vehicles can also be crossed with four wheels for each other (reverse). If your car has a spare tire, rotate the spare tire periodically with the tires you are using or rotate the worn-out tire as recommended by the vehicle manufacturer. The experience of professional drivers shares it is a spare wheel for the right rear wheel to ensure safety.
Rotating tires periodically at the right time not only helps ensure safety during operation but also a way to prolong tire life.
Tips When Rotating Tires
- Normally, when hitting the steering wheel, friction will cause the front tire to wear faster. For a front-engine vehicle, the front tire bears 60% of the vehicle's weight and serves as the power set point, regardless of whether the vehicle is front- or rear-wheel drive. The front-wheel has to bear 80% of the braking force, so the front tire wears out faster than the rear tire.
- The order of wear for a right-hand drive vehicle is the most on the right front tire, to the left front tire, the right rear tire, and the left rear tire.
- For rear-wheel drive or four-wheel vehicles, the order of tire rotation:
- First time (after 5,000 miles of driving): front left to back right, front right to back left.
- Second time (after 5,000 miles of driving): rear right to front right, rear left to the front left.
In addition, rear-wheel vehicles can apply the full crossover. If the tire or wheel has grooves, we should rotate the tire straight. Conversely, if the tire has no grooves and is of different sizes, the rotation order will be on the same axis.
- In case the vehicle has a spare wheel, it will replace the wheel with the most wear and the wheel that is replaced will become a spare wheel.